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Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Dill and opal basil from the herb garden

We’re just coming through the very hot, muggy, and buggy season here in FL, when tomatoes, lettuce, and many other cooler loving salad veggies struggle and die.  Since our family’s daily diet consists of at least 50% raw fruits and veggies, and we are working to grow all our own, we’ve wondered how to manage the hottest months every year.

That’s one reason we’ve been excited to learn about a whole new world of yummy vegetables…perennial vegetables.  This year we planted bushes and trees providing a variety of tasty and highly nutritious greens, right through the hot summer.  Our children love these flavorful perennial salad greens so much we rarely use salad dressings anymore.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

The landscaping around our house is all edible, medicinal, or otherwise useful. These two moringa trees in the front yard are nearly 100% edible and highly nutritious.

Did you know the world has become so narrow minded about food, that out of over 20,000 species of edible plants, over 90% of what we eat comes from only 20 of them?  On our recent trips to ECHO we learned that 75% of the world’s food is generated from only 12 plant and 5 animal species.  Check the ingredients in grocery store food, and what do you see repeated over and over? 

This is what commercializing food has done for us, as more than 90% of crop varieties have disappeared from farmers’ fields.  Of all the interesting foods God created, we’re familiar with only a small percentage.  And most of it is so hybridized, genetically modified, laden with chemicals, and grown in such dead soil that there remain few nutrients and flavors God intended us to enjoy and thrive on.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

This sign is posted at ECHO's global farm in Ft Myers, FL

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Honey Bun snacks on cranberry hibiscus, growing in the background

Perennial Vegetables

Of our favorite trees and shrubs in our edible landscaping, the tastiest is cranberry hibiscus (false roselle, hibiscus acetosella), with tangy-flavored burgundy leaves.  It starts easily from seed, growing quickly into an attractive shrub.  The more you harvest for salad, the thicker and faster it grows.  It is useful in fruit drinks, teas, and for natural red coloring.  Kiddos love it!  Much tastier than lettuce, its deep coloring indicates it may also be more nutrient dense.  Purchase seeds from ECHO.

Another is Moringa, used as a super food and for fighting hunger and malnutrition in developing countries.  It is a fast growing, drought resistant, soft wood tree with edible leaves and pods.  The tender nutrient dense leaves contain seven times the vitamin C of oranges, four times the calcium of milk, four times the vitamin A of carrots, three times the potassium of bananas, three times the iron of spinach, and two times the protein of milk.  They taste a bit like horseradish, but mildly enough that it blends easily with other greens or in fruit smoothies.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

This moringa tree was planted last fall and we harvest its leaves regularly.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Facts about the awesome moringa tree

We prune our moringa trees regularly to around seven feet (2 meters) tall for easy harvesting.  We kept these tropical trees alive and growing during last winter’s freezes using covers and candles.  There are other ways to grow them in cold climates.  Seeds can be purchased here or from ECHO.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Various products containing moringa available at ECHO

Other perennial vegetables we’ve harvested regularly this summer for our large dinner salads include malabar spinach, okinawan spinach, edible hibiscus leaves (abelmoschus manihot), Thai red roselle leaves (hibiscus sabdariffa), garlic chives (allium schoenoprasum), aloe vera (diced small with spines removed), purslane (stems and buds), sweet potato leaves (varieties vary in flavor and texture), katuk leaves (sauropus androgynus), and opal basil, with a touch of marigold flower petals for added flavor and color.  Most of these leafy vegetables are rich in color and flavor, contrasting with blander lettuces.  After washing, removing stems, and tearing into bite sized pieces, we toss these colorful greens with a touch of apple cider vinegar, sea salt, and homemade cottage cheese (if available).

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

A basket of greens just harvested: from top left and clockwise you will see purslane, garlic chives, malabar spinach, opal basil, moringa, more malabar spinach, aloe vera, cranberry hibiscus.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Beautiful vining red malabar spinach grows well in the heat and has tender meaty leaves, great in salad

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Okinawa spinach: green with purple undersides, not a true spinach but used the same way, propogated only from cuttings.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Harvested greens...edible hibiscus (L), okinawa spinach (R), and katuk (bottom)

These salad ingredients are entirely homestead grown except for the ACV (which we’re working on) and sea salt.  They’re probably the tastiest and most nutritious salads we’ve ever had.  Anticipating cooler weather, (it’s still a real feel of 104°F/40°C during the day) we are preparing to also plant traditional garden vegetables, while our edible perennials continue to grow.

Ten Advantages of Perennial Vegetables

  1. Longer lasting.  While many perennial vegetables may require slightly more work initially to establish than annuals, they produce for two or more years.
  2. Drought resistant.  Once established, perennials can usually withstand dry periods longer than annual vegetables.
    Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

    This Thai red roselle provides great-tasting leaves for salad or for flavoring teas. Its blooms will also make awesome herbal tea.

  3. Easier care.  Shrubs and trees require less maintanance than traditional garden vegetables for the amount of food produced.
  4. Continual production.  Perennial vegetables produce all year in mild climates or in a greenhouse.  Although growth slows in colder seasons they continue to produce if lightly pruned (harvested) regularly.
  5. Save your back.  As perennials mature they get taller and thicker, making it easy to harvest many of them without bending or kneeling.

    Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

    Malabar spinach does well on a trellis, making it easy to harvest. Notice also the garlic chives.

  6. Beautiful edible landscaping.  Many perennial vegetables are aesthetically pleasing as well as delicious and nutritious.  Plants growing near our house must be edible, medicinal, or otherwise practically functional.  If arranged by texture, height, color, and shape, they make beautiful landscaping.  They smell lovely and attract butterflies and birds.

    Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

    Some kinds of purslane taste bitter, but this variety is both beautiful and very edible.

  7. Survival food.  In a collapse or crisis food shortage, perennials are more dependable than annuals, requiring less skill to keep alive.  Seed saving is less necessary to ensure future crops.  Many are propogated by division and considered invasive weeds if left alone.  That is real survival food!
  8. Animal fodder.  Most perennial vegetables can double as nutritious fodder for chickens, goats, cows, horses, and rabbits.  We are growing some of these perennials as hedges for that very purpose.

    Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

    Evenstar is growing a moringa hedge to feed her rabbits

  9. Politically acceptable.  Most perennial vegetables are not commonly known in our society as being edible.  Easily incorporated into landscaping where traditional gardening is not permitted, who would ever know they are your vegetables?
  10. More Nutritious.  Most perennials are more nutrient dense than the average garden vegetables.

Bonus:  Children love them.  If your children are typical non-veggie lovers, chances are it’s because they are served the pathetic specimens from supermarkets shipped from the other side of the continent.  Most are picked early after being bred for shipping and storing, grown in depleted soils and dependent on chemicals to survive.  The result is little flavor (and nutrition).  Smothering with sugar and corn syrup-laden dressings help make them tolerable.  We must rarely coax our children to eat their greens, especially those we grow, even without dressings.  It probably helps that their taste buds aren’t seared with sugary candies, drinks, and other sweets all day either.  Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Aloe vera is a refreshing salad addition if finely diced

Harvesting Routine

Our salad perennials are still very young, most having been planted just this year, so we still supplement here and there with market-bought romaine when needed.  I normally harvest in the morning before the hot sun is beating on them.  They are generally the most crisp and tasty, retaining more nutrients and flavors, if harvested early in the day.  Since harvesting affects the apppearance and beauty of the landscaping, I do it mostly myself, often with a young helper, or the older girls do it if needed.

On leafy plants I take the largest leaves, allowing smaller ones more time to grow.  I cut new 12 – 18” (30-46cm) long leafy branches on thicker plants such as cranberry hibiscus and moringa, which encourages them to grow even thicker.  Unless it’s really cold or dry they usually have new growth to harvest within two to five days.  If I really prune a plant way back, I do it during the waxing phase of the moon (from new moon to full) when growth is much faster than during the waning phase (from full moon to new).

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Moringa, cranberry hibiscus, and sweet potato vines (on right) ready for washing and separating leaves from stems.

We bring the cut greens and herbs into the kitchen for a “bath” in plain water.  A younger child drains them in a colander then breaks leaves off the stems.  The stems are fed to Evenstar’s rabbits and the leaves bagged and placed in the fridge awaiting dinner preparation.  Tender stems can also be cooked lightly and served as asparagus.  Nothing is wasted.

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Washing in the sink...the marigold petals will also be added to the salad

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

We're adding lots of bamboo to our landscaping. Young shoots are edible and it has many other practical uses.

I fertilize the perennials periodically with rabbit or barnyard “poo tea”, or eggshell tea.  Mostly I just enjoy watching them grow more greens for us.  Hopefully in a few months we’ll have tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and other annual veggies to add to the salad mix.  And there are more salad perennials I would like to try, including walking Egyptian onions, asparagus, daylily, bamboo, and New Zealand spinach.  I just got Eric Toensmeier’s books “Perennial VegetablesGrowing Salad on Trees and Shrubs” and “Paradise LotGrowing Salad on Trees and Shrubs” which I hope to devour when I get a chance.  Meanwhile, I welcome your suggestions of other salad perennials for our developing landscaping.

Blessings,

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

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Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs

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17 Responses to “Growing Salad on Trees and Shrubs”

  1. meital says:

    I can’t tell you how much I’ve enjoyed this post. I never knew any of this stuff and these greens look so delicious! I feel like I have to start growing these too right now!

    Thank you for inspiring me.

    • Rose Petal says:

      You are welcome! I knew nothing of these plants either till less than a year ago. There is so much to learn! Thank you for letting me know you are inspired! :)

  2. Angela says:

    First Time visitor here. Your site has fascinated me! I can’t wait to spend some time looking around. I have a friend who would LOVE hanging around here for a bit. ;0

  3. ivylover says:

    Hey, I recently have been on a journey of getting on top of being wife, mother, house keeper and the like… I was thinking “oh I bet I’m missing a lot on Livereadynow” so glad to hear the progress you’re making on getting set times of resting. It’s fun catching up with you all and this time it was a blessing to not have to read a lot to catch up, just say’n
    Love you all

    • Rose Petal says:

      Yeah, I’m glad I could help you out there. :) Blogging is a good outlet for me and a way of journaling our family’s adventures while hopefully being an encouragement to others. But sometimes it’s good to take a break from that too.

  4. ivylover says:

    Just saw this and wondered if you are in need of sleep… or maybe I’m behind on measuring:)
    “four times the calcium of milk, four times the vitamin A of carrots, three times the potassium of bananas, three times the iron of spinach, and two times the calcium of milk”
    is it 4 times or 2 times the calcium of milk

    • Rose Petal says:

      OK smarty. I should send you all my posts for editing before posting them. You catch all my mistakes! :)

      It should say four times the calcium of milk and two times the PROTEIN of milk. Silver Oak didn’t even catch that one. He’s my main editor!

      I corrected it so I won’t continue to lead others astray. :) Thanks for pointing that out!

      • ivylover says:

        Really I was not try’n to be a smarty :)
        In all seriousness I was wanting to understand so I could enlighten our lives!
        I enjoyed the compliment:)!! Thanks for all

        • Rose Petal says:

          I know you are not at all trying to be a smarty. You’re just one of the only ones honest enough (or comfortable enough) to tell me what I need to know. Please keep it up. I really do appreciate it! :)

  5. Jill says:

    Once again you have posted a very informative post with some beautiful pictures. Your plants look so healthy! I will give you a heads up on the garlic chives – it is wonderfully productive but after a while it tends to take over. I started with three plants and now I have a two foot wide and twenty foot long border of them :) I really like the “Perennial Vegetables” book and have one more vegetable I could suggest from it: Chayote squash. I used to grow them in another part of Fl. and had good luck with them. At my current location the frost usually gets them just when they get ready to pick, but I bet they would work great for you.

    May the Lord continue to Bless your family.

    • Rose Petal says:

      Thanks for that recommendation. Someone else mentioned them to me recently as well. We’ll certainly have to give them a try!

      I hope our garlic chives take over that well. :) They’re great!

      Blessings, and thanks for sharing.

  6. Kathi says:

    Great information. I’ve never heard of many of those, and have to admit that the thought of eating “leaves” is kind of strange at first. Did you know that tomatoes are perennials too? As long as they are kept from freezing. Of course they don’t produce when it’s too hot, or too cold, but they can be kept alive and save the work/time of growing from seeds each year.

    Thank you for linking up to the HomeAcre Hop; I can’t wait to see what you’ll share with us this Thursday!

    • Rose Petal says:

      Thanks, Kathi, for the tip about tomatoes. I had heard something like that before, but wasn’t sure how to make it happen. Now you have made me more curious…I need to check it out.

  7. Jan says:

    This is a wonderful perspective on food sources! In this neck of the woods, what you call ‘purslane’ is what we purchase as moss rose. We have lots of common purslane in our area (pacific NW) that grows everywhere! Only in the last couple of years did I find out that you could eat it…It seems that both moss rose and purslane are in the portulaca family and referred to as ‘cousins’.
    Thank you for making me think outside the box today! Now I need to find what edibles will survive in a zone 5…Any ideas on what type of bamboo can survive here? I often see the type that will take over when planted in the ground, so I am trying a bit in a pot for now.

    • Rose Petal says:

      Thanks for your input, Jan. I’ve heard of some people planting tropical plants in wagons that can be pulled into a sheltered place in the winter, but there must be better options for you using plants God intended to grow in your area. Many of the plants we grow you could grow as annuals, the advantage being they are fast growers and have a longer season than many regular annuals.

      We recently aquired (through bartering) eleven different types of bamboo. We’re in bamboo heaven!! All of them are clumping rather than the running kind that takes over. Several are hardy to 12-15 degrees F, but I don’t know if that means with some protection they could thrive in your area or not. Here is a link to the grower who would certainly be able to answer your questions: http://calusacreek.com/tree-farm/new-shoots-bamboo-availability/. Here is a list of the various bamboos they sell and how hardy they are, as well as their sizes: http://calusacreek.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/New-Shoots-Wholesale-20131.pdf

      “Perennial Vegetables” does have a whole list of perennials that should grow well in your area, so you may want to try that. Hope that helps!